Hydroxamate collectors for rare earth minerals flotation

TitleHydroxamate collectors for rare earth minerals flotation
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Conference2014
AuthorsXia L, Hart B., Chelgani S, Douglas K
Conference NameConference of Metallurgists Proceedings
PublisherCanadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum
Conference LocationVancouver, Canada
ISBNISBN: 978-1-926872-24-7
KeywordsCollector, Flotation, Hydroxamates, Rare earth

Development work to optimize a flotation flowsheet for rare earth element (REE) recovery is underway. The original approach used alkyl phosphates and phosphoric acid ester as collectors to concentrate REE minerals. To improve REE recovery, hydroxamates as alternative collectors were investigated. In this paper, micro flotation of REE minerals using salicylic, benzoyl and naphthoyl hydroxamates is reported. Unlike phosphonic collectors, slime removal does not show a significant effect on REE recovery when using hydroxamates as collectors. Among the three hydoxamates, the grade of La, Ce, and Nd for concentrates produced by salicylic hydroxamate is the highest. The recovery response with naphthoyl hydroxamate is similar to that of salicylic hydroxamate; good grades for La, Ce, and Nd, less effective for Nb, Y, and Zr. The data indicated an affinity by salicylic and naphthoyl hydroxamtes for LREE over the HREE minerals. In comparison, benzoyl hydroxamate indicated an affinity for Nb, Y, and Zr. Temperature effects on REE recovery were also studied. The grade and recovery of REEs generated by flotation using a mix of salicylic and benzoyl hydroxamates at room temperature was almost identical or even better relative to the recovery using naphthoyl hydroxamates at elevated temperature

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